What is a Pre-Trip?
A pre-trip is a full inspection of your vehicle and a thorough way to confirm that each part and item is in good/healthy working condition. Taking note of each step along the way.
Why do a Pre-Trip?
A pre-trip allows a thorough overview of the vehicle and is a critical step that all drivers need to do before starting their routes. Pre-trips can prevent a lot of accidents and makes sure that everything is in working order. Doing a pre-trip helps protect the driver’s safety and all other vehicles that are going to be in the area of the unit.
When to do a Pre-Trip?
Pre-trip inspections is a requirement before the start of each driver’s route for the day. Drivers are required by law to inspect their units for any possible issues that could be a safety concern. The more thorough and aware drivers are of their vehicles the better for everyone they are surrounded by on the roads.
How long should a Pre-Trip take?
Each Pre-Trip should take around 15-20 mins to go through and look over the unit.
- Observations walking towards the vehicle
Make sure to look at the whole exterior of unit. Look at the headlights, mirrors, grill, bumper, license plate, and marker lights to make sure everything is secure, not cracked or broken, and cleaned off for full visibility.
- Looks for any signs of leakages of coolants, fuel, lubricants
- Checks under the hood of unit
Take a look at the whole alternator including the wires and belts to make sure everything is secured and in good condition. Check the oil and antifreeze levels. Look at the turbo, water pump, radiator and hoses, frame, and fan blades for any cracks or broken pieces.
- Tests brake action, tractor protection valve and parking with hand brake
Make sure the air line’s, brake chamber, and clamp are secured to frame, not cracked, or leaking. Check the push rod slack adjuster, s-cam shaft and roller, shoes and drum that they are securely in place, clean, and no damage to unit.
- Checks instruments
Check to make sure that everything related to steering, front suspension, tires, rims, mud flaps, and fuel tank is all in good working condition, everything is secure and in place, and no cracks or leaks.
- Inside the Cab
Check for fire extinguisher and reflective triangles. Safety belt should be in good working order. Dashboard, windshield, mirrors, wiper arms and blades should be all cleared and free of debris. Test the wipers and windshield washer is working properly. Steering wheel, gear shifter, and foot petals should be clear of obstructions and securely in place.
- Lights and Signals
Check all lights on unit: low beams, turn signals, 4-ways, brake lights, and high beams. Walk around the unit or ask examiner to help test each of these.
- Allow for proper warm up
- Checks and understands all gauges on instrument panel
Gauges should be working properly. Heater, defroster and blower as well.